First World War Project

Home News - October 1916

Stabilised Front in Europe 1914/1915

The Western Front continued largely "stabilised" from January 1915 to the end of 1916. But assaults continued to take their toll on our local men; mostly on the Western Front. Of course, we are now in the full swing of the Allied Offensive on the Somme and this month we had several casualties across Kingsdown and Creekside.

Three Kingsdown and Creekside men died during October. Two men came from Lynsted and one from Luddenham.

The Battle of The Somme continued to drag on with significant casualties but without significant change to the front line. Primary actions included the Battle of Transloy Ridges (October 1st to 18th), Ancre Heights (October 1st to 11th). Until November when the Battles of the Somme ended. However, there followed "the Somme winter from October 1916 to February 1917.

October also saw battles across other fronts - Cerna and Monastir, Brasov (Transylvania), 8th Battle of Isonzo (ends 12th October) and 9th Battle of Isonzo begins on 31st October.

Fighting in the air was marked by an aeroplane bringing down the German airship "L-31" at Potters Bar, near London (night of 1st/2nd October).

Fighting at sea included the first German destroyer raid in Dover Straits (night 26th/27th) and British hospital ship "Galeka" was totally wrecked by mine off Havre on 28th October. On 8th October, in the Atlantic, German submarine "U-53" captures and sinks five ships outside Newport (Rhode Island).

The Battle of Verdun continued with the "First Offensive Battle" of Verdun on 24th October (to 18th December). There followed, several months of fighting as German forces had to be diverted away from their siege of Verdun. Consequently, in December, Fort Douaumont was recaptured.


The machinery for the detailed monthly compilation of Military Statistics began in 1916 (October) following the intervention of Lloyd George (then Secretary of State for War). Earlier statistics were somewhat haphazardly recorded. The War Office bound together its War Statistics in March 1922 adding random available data for earlier months.

We have selected statistics quite randomly to shed light on particular aspects of warfare.

The Balance of Army Resources (%)

Percentages of the Strength by Arms of the Total Strength in September, 1916, and June, 1918, of the Regular and Territorial Forces in France.

  Sept. 1916 June 1918
Cavalry 2.5 1.3
Royal Artillery 18.5 18.17
Royal Engineers 9.5 7.66
Royal Flying Corps 1.1 -
Infantry 42.9 32.88
Army Service Corps 10.9 10.09
Royal Army Medical Corps 4.1 3.53
Machine-Gun Corps - 3.63
Tanks - 0.80
Other troops 10.5 21.94*
  100% 100%

* Includes Labour = 14.84%

Machine Gun Corps Strength

  Officers Other ranks
October, 1916 2,366 47,852
October, 1917 5,420 80,136
October, 1918 6,091 118,311
October, 1919 4,008 25,812

† - Forty-sixth Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 7th October 1916.

Private, George LOMBARDY (of Lynsted)
Killed in Action: aged 40 years
Theatre: France and Flanders
Memorial: Thiepval Memorial. Pier and Face: 5D
Serving in: 6th (Service) Battalion, The Buffs (East Kent Regiment
Died during the Battle of Transloy Ridges.

† - Forty-seventh Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 10th October 1916.

Lance Corporal, Percy Frederick SMITH (of Lynsted)
Killed in Action: aged 24 years
Theatre: France and Flanders
Memorial: Australian Infantry Forces Burial Ground, Flers, Somme. Grave Ref: XXI.C.1.
Serving in
: 32nd (Service) Battalion Royal Fusiliers (City of London Regiment)
Died in trenches.

Parish Council Elections Postponed

16th October - Lynsted Parish Council Minutes "A letter was read from L.G.B. [Local Government Board] postponing election of Councillors for one year."

Dangerous Cambridge Lane Corner with Lynsted Lane

South Eastern Gazette of 17th October 1916
RURAL COUNCIL. At Wednesday's meeting of this Council for highway business the Surveyor reported that Miss Webster was desirous of re-opening negotiations for the improvement at Cambridge Corner, Lynsted Lane. General Jeffreys suggested that the matter should now be deferred until after the war. The Chairman (Mr. Roper Dixon) pointed out that there had been a lot of accidents at this corner. It was decided that the Surveyor should submit an estimate and that the matter should then be considered.

† - Forty-eighth Loss in the Kingsdown with Creekside Benefice - 18th October 1916.

Private, Herbert Edward COOPER, L/8968, (of Luddenham)
Killed in Action: aged 26 years
Theatre: France and Flanders
Memorial: Heilly Station Cemetery, Mericourt-L'abbe. Plot 3, Row G, Grave 78
Serving in: 6th Battalion, Buffs (East Kent Regiment)
Died of Wounds (probably fragmentation shell in Delville Wood)

Teynham Prisoner of War from HMS "Nestor"

Faversham and North East Kent News of 21st October 1916
A.B. Pullen, R.N., a Teynham man who was rescued from HMS Nestor in the Jutland battle is imprisoned at Brandenburgh.

Frederick Hollands' death listed locally

East Kent Gazette of 28th October 1916
BUFFS CASUALTIES - KILLED: Hollands, 8980, Lance-Corporal F. (Greenstreet).

IWM Partnership Programm  iconWorld War 1 Pages